MISSILES, CANNONS AND KAMPAGNEN

The Hughes "TARAN" navigation and fire control system installed in the Mirage III was coupled to the Hughes AIM-4/ HM-55S "Falcon" ( Swiss AF codename FALCO) all-weather A/A guided missile.

At the same time, the Swiss Air Force evaluated the infrared guided missile AIM-9B "Sidewinder" (SAF codename SIWA). After the delivery of the first SIWA in autumn 1963, three Hunters flew to Kalmar in Sweden for operational testing. The target was a missile equipped with an infrared source, which was fired by the fellow pilot in the second Hunter a few seconds before the live shot. During 1974, the SAF aquired a number of the improved AIM-9E.

Also the air-to-ground guided missile Aerospatiale AS-30 NORAS was part of the Mirage weaponry. In 1967, four live guided missiles were fired successfully against hard targets (concrete walls) in Cazaux (F). 

In the spring of 1966, 40 HM-55S were tested at Holloman (USA) against a variety of targets.

Over the years, a systematic check of all guided missile capability and accuracy was deemed as required. However, due to the limited and problematic use of Swiss airspace, it was decided to carry out the tests abroad - the "Kampagnen"

The aim of all campaigns was to verify the function of the Mirage, Tiger and Hunter weapon systems and ensure that the latter had not suffered any damage as a result of the sometimes long storage period. It was also matter of verify weapons performance after "updates", new acquisitions and inprove combat readiness. 

In 1977, 1981, 1986 and 1991, the "Group for Armament Services" GRD and the Swiss Air Force conducted joint tests and live firings with the guided weapons and cannons of the SAF assets in Vidsel /Sweden. The collected data showed the need for such periodic trials. 

Supersonic flights below 10,000 m/M are prohibited over Swiss territory.For this reason it was decided, after all the various diplomatic clearances granted, to carry out air combat exercises in Sardinia, at the Air Weapons Training Installation (AWTI), Decimomannu AB, at the time the only such facility outside of the United States. 24 Mirage and Tiger pilots attended the campaign.

The first annual training exercise was acronymed SAKA (SArdinien KAmpagne) and begun 3 January 1985.

Up to 18 Mirages and F-5E conducted air combat maneuvering training in "Decimo" every year since . Following its fifth SAKA exercise in 1989, however, NATO air forces increased facility utilisation resulted in permission for Swiss Air Force usage to be withdrawn.

When its SAKA exercise set for June 1990 had to be cancelled, the Swiss Air Force moved its training program at UK RAF Waddington AB, codenamed NORKA (NORdsee KAmpagne). A newly built Air Combat Maneuvering Instrumentation (ACMI) range operated by British Aerospace allowing the conduct of realistic combat training. 

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KALMAR / SWEDEN 1963 

The DH-100 "Doppelpatrouille" pilots are reporting ready before one of the displays of the early '50. They wear:

 

C-Type leather helmet/  M-1944 goggles;

American Optical Calobar or Cosmetan sunglasses;

H-Type oxygen mask;

Pilotenkombi 50;

Bückershoes.  

 

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Archive Pellanda

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CAZAUX / FRANCE 1967

Our four relaxed PS pilots are near the entry gate of Payerne AFB. 

 

"Escadre de Surveillance" is the french translation of "Überwachungsgeschwader" -  Air Force surveillance wing .

( In italian - " Squadra di Vigilanza" or "Squadra di Sorveglianza" ). 

Their equipment having evolved, they are now provided with a 

H-5 helmet, CSU-3A/P anti-g garment and a new pair of "Pilotenschuhe 63".

   

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Archive Pellanda

PS patch 1975-1988.

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HOLLOMAN / USA 1966

 

During 1975 the PS pilots were provided with a locally made orange flying suit. As the P-Kombi 50 made of no-fireproof cotton, worn usually by GRD (Gruppe für Rüstungsdienste - Armament Services Group) pilots, the suit was a copy of the US CWU-27 modified with the grade rank holder and the ( very useful, in fact) side zipped entry.

In the picture, PS pilots proudly wear the new designed patch and various models of the popular "Schnitz" ( Police sidecap). 

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Archive Pellanda

VIDSEL /SWEDEN 1977

 
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Pilotenjacke

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Archive Pellanda

 
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DECIMOMANNU /ITALY 1985

 

Although the “definitive” PS logo applied to the aircrafts in 1981, only during 1987 the new HGU-55, decorated accordingly, replaced the "Bleu Alpine" H-5s. 

Despite the replacement of the Hawker Hunter with the red-white Northrop F-5E Tiger II in 1995, this helmet livery was in use until 2006. 

 

In the meantime also the MS22001 oxygen mask replaced with the MBU-5.   

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Archive Pellanda

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WADDINGTON /UK 1990

 

In 1995 the PS switched from the trustworthy Hunter to the F-5 E, and, follwing the equipment evolution, the CSU-13 anti-g garments replaced by the new BFA AGH-1, the "Pilotenschue 63" with the "Pilotenschuhe 92"; the MBU-5 oxygen mask with the low profile HA-LP/PPB;  the PS patch updated accordingly.

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Swiss AF

 
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2007 -

 

in this rather pathetic attempt (it would be necessary to remove some  centimeters of waistline to add them to the height) our "model" imitates an image taken from one of  the recent annual publications of the PS in which the current crew garments are shown. in 2007 the red-white helmet replaced the blue one, the LG-1073A life vest replaced by the PU-CH-07 ( worn on RH picture).