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Swedish Air Force Palmgrens type 3 cloth flying helmet.

This third type of standardized Palmgrens flying helmet pattern consists of five segments of soft yellow canvas, structured around a top centerpiece, with green cloth inner lining.


A leather strap is attached to the left cheek, while a two-ring buckle with leather fitting and strap guiding loop is attached to the right side.


The ear openings have a yellow fur trim on the inside, while on the outside we find two zipper operated leather ear cups, marked EKA (probably the pilot's name or initials), which are sewn onto the helmet.

This specimen features the original chains with modern replacement sliders.

On the outside of the ear cups there are two metal studs the purpose of which is not ascertained. Inside the ear cups, a pressed leather structure is forming a ring shaped pocket for earphones, secured by a single press stud at the top.

A leather reinforced O2 mask hook is riveted to the right cheek, and two press studs (marked CARR UNITED) on the left are intended for fixing the mask’s attachment straps. 

Such arrangement can be seen on other flying helmets using the type A-14 oxygen mask.


Finally, there are two rear goggle strap retaining loops, secured by push buttons, while a system of retaining straps, loops and buttons serve to attach the Y-shaped communication equipment pocket.

Ericsson wireless radio communication set

This set combines several features to ensure two-way radio communication. The receivers contain two black plastic earphones manufactured by Ericsson, their rubberized cables leading into a Y-shaped leather pocked, and eventually exiting as a single cable equipped with a female Brechkupplung Fl 27561 by BLKm. The German Brechkupplung was used by the Flygvapnet during the 1940ies, with the difference, that on German flying helmets a male plug was mounted.

The Y-shaped leather pocket features a press button to keep it closed and protect the enclosed wiring, a female press stud to attach it to the back of a flying helmet, a half-loop metal retaining hook, and finally an adjustment strap with two buckles to attach a throat microphone.

For transmitting voice communication this specimen features an additional female JK-48 plug to connect a T30 throat microphone or an oxygen mask (for example an American Type A-14 - Swedish designation 102) with integrated microphone.

US Navy style t/45 rubber flying goggles

The Swedish Flygvapnet used the ubiquitous American manufactured rubber goggles with the chamois lined black face piece featuring air vents on top and at the sides under the own designation t/45.

This specimen sports the manufacturer's name BOUTON on top and “USN” molded on the left. The exchangeable grey/green plastic lenses slide into the frame and two black push buttons provide a secure fit. An adjustable, partially rubberized canvas strap in three segments completes the outfit.                                                                                                                                                                                 bcn210720

Flygvapnet B3 (Junkers Ju 86) observer wearing Palmgrens flying helmet and Mk.IIIa flying

 B3 (Junkers Ju 86) observer wearing Palmgrens Typ 3 flying helmet and Mk.IIIa flying goggles (source: Svenska Dagbladets)

Flygvapnet glider pilot wearing Palmgrens Typ 3 flying helmet

Flygvapnet glider pilot wearing Palmgrens Typ 3 flying helmet and US manufacture Type B-3 life preserver.

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